David Emile Durkheim is regarded as the father of the social sciences or sociology due to his outstanding contributions to creating the groundwork for practical social study. Social Science is the discipline of science concerned with the study of human sciences and interpersonal connections within communities.
David Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist. In addition to Max Weber and Karl Marx, he is usually credited as one of the major builders of contemporary social science for formally establishing the academic subject of sociology.
Much of Durkheim’s work focused on how societies might keep their integrity and cohesion in modernity, a period in which old social and religious ties are significantly less universal, and new social institutions have emerged.
Durkheim’s vision of the scientific study of society formed the foundation for contemporary sociology. In examining suicides in Catholic and Protestant groups, he employed scientific methods such as statistics, surveys, and historical observation.
David Emile Durkheim
What Is Social Science?
Social science is the branch of science concerned with studying societies and the interrelationships of their members. Historically, the phrase referred to sociology, the first “science of society” developed in the nineteenth century.
In addition to sociology, it includes anthropology, archaeology, economics, human geography, linguistics, management science, political science, psychology, and history.
Positivist social scientists employ techniques approximating the natural sciences to comprehend society and define science in its stricter contemporary definition.
In contrast, interpretive social scientists may employ social critique or symbolic interpretation instead of building empirically falsifiable hypotheses and view science in a larger context.
In contemporary academic practice, researchers frequently employ various approaches (for instance, combining both quantitative and qualitative research). As practitioners from many fields share the same objectives and methodologies, social research has achieved autonomy.
Are Social Sciences Real Science?
Social scientists are not “genuine” scientists like physical scientists are. In contrast, this is not the case in the social sciences. There are several social science topics amenable to empirical observation and analysis.
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