If you’re asked who is the father of chemistry, your best guess is probably Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, who published “Elements of Chemistry” in 1787.
He created the first comprehensive, at the time, list of elements, found and named oxygen and hydrogen, contributed to the development of the metric system, assisted in revising and standardizing chemical nomenclature, and demonstrated that matter keeps its mass even when it changes forms.
Jabir ibn Hayyan, a Persian alchemist who lived about 800 and applied scientific ideas to his studies, is another frequent candidate for the father of chemistry.
Robert Boyle, Jöns Berzelius, and John Dalton are also occasionally referred to as the fathers of modern chemistry.
Father Of Modern Chemistry
Antoine Lavoisier is usually referred regarded as the “father of modern chemistry.” He discovered and named oxygen the primary component of air.
He was a well-known chemist in the eighteenth century. He was a dedicated experimenter who also contributed to the revolution in chemistry. Not only is Lavoisier famed for his chemical concepts, as well as for his laboratory work.
He established that oxygen was a necessary component of the mixture and gave the elements their names. He pioneered the contemporary method of chemical compound nomenclature.
Lavoisier established the critical function of oxygen in the combination process. He identified and labeled oxygen as the producer of acids in 1778 and hydrogen as the generator of hydrogen in 1783 and challenged the phlogiston theory since his hypothesis was a mirror image of the phlogiston concept.
He was instrumental in the development of the metric system. He developed the law of conservation of mass, which states that regardless of the form or shape of matter, its mass always remains constant.
He was the first to compile a comprehensive list of elements and contributed to the modernization of chemical nomenclature.
He was also the first to foresee the existence of silicon and the first to show that Sulphur was an element, not a compound.
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