Wet chemistry encompasses various ASTM tests in which most chemical analysis occurs in liquid form. Wet chemistry is a sub-discipline of analytical chemistry that focuses on matter’s composition and structure.
Bench chemistry is a common term for wet chemistry because the test methods are frequently performed on lab benches.
During wet chemistry analysis, an ACE laboratory technician may measure various characteristics. Conductivity, density, pH, specific gravity, and viscosity are typical qualities.
Wet chemistry provides information and insight regarding the properties of sample material. If you wish to gain a deeper understanding of your product, whether for quality control, research & innovation, or to comply with industry standards, ACE’s high-quality wet chemistry testing can assist you.
Wet Chemistry Techniques
There are numerous applications for wet chemistry techniques across various industries. Our expert lab technicians at ACE have a wealth of experience with wet testing.
Whether you wish to identify the presence of a specific chemical in a sample solution or determine its pH, a wet chemistry assessment with ACE will give you a deeper understanding of your material.
Reagents imply the presence of a specific chemical during chemical testing. These reagents produce a specific chemical reaction with the present chemical. ACE can ascertain which chemical is presently based on the solution’s reactivity.
When a substance has limited solubility in a solvent, Soxhlet extraction is often employed. This approach uses a tiny amount of solvent to dissolve a large quantity of material over several hours or days. The extracted chemical is produced by removing the solvent using a rotary evaporator at the end of the process.
Gravimetric analysis is utilized to determine the mass or concentration of a solid in a liquid. This solid may have precipitated from the liquid or been dissolved.
ACE calculates its weight if the substance is a precipitate by introducing a reagent to prevent the precipitation. The residue is then dried and weighed, allowing ACE to evaluate the chemical constituents of the liquid.
If the salt is dissolved, the liquid is evaporated, allowing ACE to determine the mass of the remaining solids.
Volumetric Analysis or Titration
This wet chemistry test determines the amount of a chemical by measuring its volume. ACE combines a reagent whose volume and concentration are known with a solution whose composition and concentration are unknown.
ACE can determine the quantity of an unknown component by adding a reagent to the solution.
Sometimes, no observable change occurs. In this instance, ACE adds an indicator that changes color depending on the solution’s pH. Exact measurements are collected to determine the color change’s endpoint or precise location.
Application of Wet Chemistry
Wet chemistry is used for both qualitative chemical tests as well as for determining the composition of a liquid substance.
It is frequently used in environmental chemistry to comprehend the current state of the environment and in food, chemistry to ensure the safety and quality of food.
Wet chemistry is frequently used in the rubber and polymer industries for elemental analysis, which helps define elements such as chlorine, nitrogen, and phosphate in liquid materials.
Other Industrial Chemistry Applications
Wet chemistry is regarded as an application of industrial chemistry. Industrial chemistry turns stuff into human-usable materials through chemical processes, such as transforming rubber into tubing or tires.
In addition to wet chemistry, other uses of industrial chemistry include testing of inks, coatings and films, medicines, health, cosmetics, personal care products, household care products, and electronics.
Since the products of industrial chemistry are frequently used directly by humans, it is crucial for the end-users safety that the materials testing phase is exhaustive, reliable, and reproducible.
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