A portion of a chromosome is flipped end-to-end in an inversion, a chromosomal rearrangement. An inversion occurs when a single chromosome experiences internal fragmentation and rearrangement. There are two sorts of inversions: paracentric and pericentric.
Inversion refers to reversing a state, shape, position, direction, or path, such as turning inward or inside out. In biology, specifically anatomy, inversion refers to the migration of the sole towards the median plane.
In zoology, inversion refers to transforming some animal species from one sex to the other. Sexual inversion is an obsolete word that refers to assuming the gender role of the opposite sex.
In biochemistry, inversion refers to the transformation of dextrorotatory sucrose into levorotatory sucrose or vice versa.
Exceptions may include chromosomal inversions and chromosomal rearrangements, which can lessen recombination rates all over larger stretches of the genome and, as a result, may qualitatively increase the likelihood of divergence hitchhiking, especially in comparison to collinear areas in which gene order is identical along chromosomes.
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