It has the formula –CH2CH3 and is commonly abbreviated Et. In the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry, ethyl refers to a saturated two-carbon moiety in a molecule, whereas the prefix “eth-” indicates the presence of two carbon atoms.
An ethyl group is an alkyl substituent produced from ethane in chemistry (C2H6). It has the formula –CH2CH3 and is frequently shortened to Et. In IUPAC nomenclature for organic chemistry, ethyl refers to a saturated two-carbon moiety in a molecule, whereas the prefix “eth-” indicates the existence of two carbon atoms.
Ethylation In Organic Chemistry
Ethylation is the insertion of an ethyl group to generate a compound. The most common use of this reaction is the ethylation of benzene with ethylene to produce ethylbenzene, which is a precursor to styrene, which is a precursor to polystyrene. In 1999, around 24.7 million tons of ethylbenzene were manufactured.
Numerous ethyl-containing compounds are produced by electrophilic ethylation or the treatment of nucleophiles with Et+ sources. Such a reagent is triethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate. Less electrophilic reagents, like ethyl halides, are used for effective nucleophiles.
Etymology In Organic Chemistry
The group’s name is taken from Aether, the first-born Greek elemental deity of air (and, at the time, a generic word for an extremely volatile chemical), and “hyle,” which means “stuff.” The term “ethyl” was invented by the Swedish scientist Jon Jacob Berzelius in 1835.
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